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Pathology of Endometriosis

Endometriosis (EM) is a common gynecological condition of adolescents and reproductive-aged women, affecting 6-10% of the general female population. The pathogenesis of endometriosis is complex, affecting multiple organs in the pelvic region. 


This editorial illustration depicts the pathology of endometriosis. It focuses on the pathogenesis, stages, and types of endometriosis in various tissues. This piece is created for an educated lay audience in a popular science magazine. 


Educated lay public


Prof. Dave Mazierski

Content Advisor

Dr. John Wong,

University of Toronto


11 x 17” double-page spread


December 2021



Adobe Illustrator

Adobe Photoshop 


Initial tissue cubes studies were made to understand the cellular changes at different organs when endometriosis occurs. The tissues cubes from left to right are the peritoneum, ovary and bladder. 

Process work 

Preliminary Studies

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Rough sketches

I started by laying out different graphical elements and texts. I decided to go with the layout where the reading order is most logical:  pathogenesis, types to stages of endometriosis. 

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Once decided on a layout, I applied simple colours and shading to the main illustrations in Procreate. I decided to render the main illustration realistically, while keeping the other graphical element more schematically to avoid visual clutter. At this stage, the accuracy of the content was assessed by Dr. John Wong. 

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